Wednesday, 7 October 2009


Just as hydrogen burns in oxygen, it also burns in chlorine. Hydrogen burns in chlorine to give hydrogen chloride, a colourless gas. It fumes, or "smokes" when exposed to moist air and forms a dense fog when you blow your breath over it. Hydrogen chloride is very soluble in water; the solution is hydrochloric acid. An old name for it is muriatic acid.

The theory so far is that water is an element, and that oxygen and hydrogen are actually two halves of a "water atom". I think that hydrogen and oxygen are dipolar vortices, and that oxygen performs a cyclonic action in relation to the anticyclonic action of hydrogen. I'm curious as to the nature of chlorine and if it too has a cyclonic action.

The atomic weight of chlorine is 35.5 g/mol. That's over two times the weight of oxygen (16 g/mol). Chlorine is a green gas which has the power of bleaching and disenfecting. Ordinary combustibles do not burn it. Pure chlorine gas does, however, support combustion of organic compounds such as hydrocarbons, although the carbon component tends to burn incompletely, with much of it remaining as soot.

Chlorine was first prepared and studied in 1774 by Swedish chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele, and therefore he is credited for its discovery. He called it "dephlogisticated muriatic acid air". It might be worth noting that around this time that oxygen was referred to as "dephlogisticated air".

In a previous post I wondered if acids are formed due to a lack of phlogiston. Basically, I think nitric acid is formed because hardly any phlogiston (in the form of nitrogen) is available in the solution. It could be that the cyclonic action of oxygen, in its' hunger for phlogiston, makes the solution acidic.

If I follow this train of thought, then it's possible that hydrogen chloride gas is acidic for the same reasons. The chlorine hungers for phlogiston, which hydrogen alone is unable to supply because it is nothing but an empty bag. When hydrogen chloride is dissolved in water it forms hydrochloric acid. According to this theory hydrochloric acid should be neutralized by the addition of more phlogiston.

A salt is any compound which can be derived from the neutralization of an acid and a base. When acid reacts with a base it forms a salt and water. For example, reacting hydrochloric acid with sodium hydroxide produces the salt sodium chloride and water. Both sodium chloride and pure water are considered "neutral". The sea water in our oceans have a pH of 7.2 and being very well buffered, there is little variation from ocean to ocean. Sea water, though a little basic, could also be considered as neutral.

Common table salt is sodium chloride. It is broken up by electrolysis into sodium and chlorine. Does this mean that salt is somekind of element? I find it suggestive that the suffix "-lysis" comes from the Greek stem meaning to loosen or split up. I imagine sodium as being a form of hydrogen which has been fattened on carbon. In other words, I think sodium is a hydrogen "bag" that is full of phlogiston. It appears then that in sodium chloride, the sodium and the chlorine balance one another.

Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) also known as lye and caustic soda, is a caustic metallic base. It is used in many industries, mostly as a strong chemical base in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents and as a drain cleaner. Pure sodium hydroxide is a white solid. I envision the sodium contained in sodium hydroxide as being so rich in phlogiston that it overpowers oxygen's cyclonic exertions.

A chloralkali process always implies the electrolysis of common salt or sodium chloride. Depending on the method, the chloralkali process can be used to produce hydrogen, chlorine and sodium hydroxide. The term chloralkali refers to the two chemicals (chlorine and an alkali) which are simultaneously produced as a result of the electrolysis of a salt water. The most common chloralkali process involves the electrolysis of aqueous sodium chloride (a brine) in a membrane cell. There follows a more text book explanation of what happens in the chloralkali process:

"In the membrane cell, the anode and cathode are separated by an ion-permeable membrane. Saturated brine is fed to the compartment with the anode (the anolyte). A DC current is passed through the cell and the NaCl splits into its constituent components. The membrane passes Na+ ions to the cathode compartment (catholyte), where it forms sodium hydroxide in solution. The chloride ions are oxidised to chlorine gas at the anode, which is collected, purified and stored. Hydrogen gas and Hydroxide ions are formed at the cathode."

I think hydrogen is a waste product after the release of phlogiston. I think that the chloralkali process is removing chlorine from the salt water and leaving more phlogiston in the solution. It would appear that sodium is thus able to form a compound with the weaker oxygen to form sodium hydroxide. In sodium hydroxide, I think sodium could be a strong anticyclone in union with the weak cyclonic oxygen. If this is the case, then they could be dipolar vortices but of different sizes.

If you tried to get electric current to pass through pure water it simply would not happen. Electricity will not pass through water unless it contains an electrolyte. The most familiar electrolytes are acids, bases, and salts, which ionize when dissolved in such solvents as water. Many salts, such as sodium chloride, behave as electrolytes when dissolved in water.

We are told that water does not burn because water is considered to be the burnt ashes of hydrogen. Phlogiston theory maintains that things do not burn because they have no phlogiston. Phlogiston theory - or at least as I understand it - maintains that water is rich in phlogiston. I consider hydrogen as the true ashes of water, and indeed, as the true ashes of combustion.

If water is rich in phlogiston, then phlogiston theory dictates that water can actually burn. Or at least not so much the water, but the phlogiston it contains is combustible. The phlogiston in elemental water is not easily accessible because it is locked away inside a "water atom", but once that atom is cracked open - then the phlogiston is released and available for combustion.

I don't believe water is made up with oxygen and hydrogen. I think it's made up with oxygen and something that is a little more phlogisticated than empty hydrogen. I'm dying to find out what exactly it is which makes up water so that I can find out its true atomic weight.

Many thanks:
The First Year of Science By John C. Hessler
The Encyclopaedia Britannica: a dictionary of arts, sciences, and ..., Volume 5 By Thomas Spencer Baynes
Chlorine and hydrogen chloride By Assembly of Life Sciences (U.S.). Committee on Medical and Biologic Effects of Environmental Pollutants

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