## Wednesday, 10 June 2009

### Breaking The Law

I have a few thoughts I suppose. I'm interested in pressure differences in the aether, as imposed by matter, and what happens at the air-water interface, or the air-solid interface, and even the liquid-solid interface. I'm also following a train of thought that electricity is the aether under high pressure. Below, I'm paraphrasing some helpful text I found @ ... http://www.answers.com/topic/pressure

In terms of physics, both gases and liquids are referred to as fluids—that is, substances that conform to the shape of their container. Air pressure and water pressure are thus specific subjects under the larger heading of "fluid pressure." A fluid responds to pressure quite differently than a solid does. The density of a solid makes it resistant to small applications of pressure, but if the pressure increases, it experiences tension and, ultimately, deformation. In the case of a fluid, however, stress causes it to flow rather than to deform.

Matter creates stress in the aether field, forcing the aether to flow.

The three characteristics of fluid pressure described above have a number of implications and applications, among them, what is known as Pascal's principle. Like the SI unit of pressure, Pascal's principle is named after Blaise Pascal (1623 -1662), a French mathematician and physicist who formulated the second of the three statements: that the external pressure applied on a fluid is transmitted uniformly throughout the entire body of that fluid. Pascal's principle became the basis for one of the important machines ever developed, the hydraulic press.

The external pressure being applied throughout the entire body of the electric fluid is something which we write as 300,000 km/s : the speed of light in a vacuum. 300,000 km/s is actually describing a pressure constant and not a speed as such. I think that 300,000 km/s describes a volume in the aether.

As fluid moves from a wider pipe to a narrower one, the volume of that fluid that moves a given distance in a given time period does not change. But since the width of the narrower pipe is smaller, the fluid must move faster (that is, with greater dynamic pressure) in order to move the same amount of fluid the same distance in the same amount of time. One way to illustrate this is to observe the behavior of a river: in a wide, unconstricted region, it flows slowly, but if its flow is narrowed by canyon walls, then it speeds up dramatically.

What happens then at the air-water interface? The aether would be under low pressure in the air, and then under a higher pressure in the water, so I'm expecting something to happen at the surface of the water. There would be a very purposeful change in speed of the aether at the surface of the water. Same volume ... different speed. I'm therefore interested to see if this has anything to do with the forces of surface tension and the appearance of meniscus.

A pump utilizes Pascal's principle, but instead of holding fluid in a single container, a pump allows the fluid to escape. Specifically, the pump utilizes a pressure difference, causing the fluid to move from an area of higher pressure to one of lower pressure. A very simple example of this is a siphon hose, used to draw petroleum from a car's gas tank. Sucking on one end of the hose creates an area of low pressure compared to the relatively high-pressure area of the gas tank. Eventually, the gasoline will come out of the low-pressure end of the hose. (And with luck, the person siphoning will be able to anticipate this, so that he does not get a mouthful of gasoline!)

Winds at the Earth's surface flow from areas of high pressure to low pressure in order to try and maintain equilibrium. The rising and sinking air at the centre of these pressure systems flow from low pressure to high pressure. I think that Animation 2 (from the site at the bottom of this paragraph) does a great job in illustrating the various flows of horizontal and vertical air between high pressure and low pressure systems. I wonder just how bloody close Animation 2 comes to describing an atom?
http://www.bom.gov.au/lam/Students_Teachers/pressure.shtml

Heat flows from hot to cold. The first statement of the 2nd law of thermodynamics - heat flows spontaneously from a hot to a cold body - tells us that an ice cube must melt on a hot day, rather than becoming colder. It's funny that vertical winds flow from low pressure to high pressure areas; the warm air rises from the low pressure system, it cools high above, and then the cold air descends into the high pressure system. So sure, the warm air rises to a cold area, but then we see the cold air descend into a warm system - isn't that breaking the law, or something? I thought a high pressure fluid will always travel toward a lower pressure fluid, but here we have the low pressure being sucked down by the higher pressure.

It is supposed that a concave meniscus occurs because the molecules of the liquid attract those of the container. It is supposed that the polar molecules of water are sticking to the glass molecules in the tube, and that's why we get that distinctive curve. I'm going to make a leap perhaps, and question if the concave meniscus we see on the surface of the water around ponds, or in cylinders, is actually due to pressure changes in the aether.

Early steam power plants all depended on condensing steam in a vacuum - they worked by sucking the piston in, more than by pushing it out. Low-pressure steam takes up space, and that made engines large. When the pressure was run up to 50 or 100 psi, the engines could be made a lot smaller. This need to design smaller engines for transport pushed development in the direction of high pressure steam. Maybe it's time for a rethink on low pressure steam and the forces of suction?