Got a pen handy? Draw ten circles in a row. Let's think of each circle as a wheel. With the first circle, the direction of rotation is clockwise. The direction of rotation for each circle alternates from circle to circle. With the second circle the direction of spin is counter-clockwise, and with the third circle it's clockwise, etc, etc. A simple way for an electric fluid to get all ten moving would be to weave between each circle, in a zig-zag motion, like a motorbike weaving between bollards. The fluid, which we can think of more as a rope, has only to move in one direction - let's say from left to right. Starting from the top of the first wheel the rope moves round the bottom of the second wheel, before moving round the top of the third wheel, and so on. As the rope is pulled to the right, it acts upon the ten wheels and pulls them round. Thus, each alternate wheel rotates in a different direction to its neighbour.
If you just look at the rope, the zig-zags take on the form of sinusoidal waves. In a previous post I spoke of tying a long ribbon to a flat stone, and then watching the shape of the ribbon as the stone skims across a lake. Well, now the rope reminds me of that ribbon. The size and number of vortices, and the distance between them, could effect the size and number of waves in the rope.
If we had only two circles which make up a counter-rotating vortex pair, or dipolar vortices, an effective way for the fluid to move around the two would be in the shape of a figure-eight. If the wheel on the left was moving clockwise, and the one on the right moving counter-clockwise, then the fluid would start from the top of the left wheel and move to the bottom of the wheel on the right. The fluid could follow the motion of the wheel round counter-clockwise, before moving across to the bottom of the wheel on the left. Both wheels are therefore turning in alternate directions with a simple unidirectional flow.
In following the motion of the two wheels, we can see how they would serve in inducing the fluid of the aether down between the two of them. The flow of the figure-eight would effect the shape of this induction, and on the longitudinal axis (the line taken around the outermost rim of a torus) the motion would surely take place in spirals. That's spirals into the centre of the torus and spirals back out again. At the moment though, these dipolar vortices offer a very thin cross-sectional slice of a torus. To create a torus proper, the dipole pair would need to be spun round 360 degrees, like the blades of a helicopter.
Electrons have a spin like a top that is also quantized. Simply put the spin can be either clockwise or counterclockwise, and the spin can only have exactly one magnitude of energy. Quantum theory states that only two electrons can occupy a single energy level of an atom and that those two electrons must have opposite spins. If somehow one of the two electrons switches spin then the other electron will instantaneously switch spins also. This "connection" that the two electrons share is called entanglement. The nucleus of the atom as a whole also has spin which is quantized as do the protons and neutrons that make up the nucleus. Particles of light, called photons, have a polarity that is also quantized similar to electron spin, which can be one of two possible states.
There are two modes of electron spin. Schematically we can represent them as either clockwise or counter-clockwise. If the electron is spinning in a horizontal plane and counter-clockwise as viewed from above, the direction of the magnetic moment is directed up. If it is clockwise, the reverse is true. The direction of the moment is comparable to the direction of the magnetization (from S to N poles) of a permanent magnet to which the electron spin is equivalent.
Modern Ferrite Technology By Alex Goldman
So it appears that the dipolar vortices as proposed by Kelvin and Maxwell, could be the exact same things which we refer to as electrons. An electron pair would appear to be the dipolar vortices of a torus. Is an electron pair basically a donut? A smoke ring? This is reassuring as it starts to reveal how the aether generates matter by the motion of the dipolar vortices. The motion of dipolar vortices also generates polarity.
I did have a few thoughts about polarity. If you could hover over the north pole of the Earth and look down, you would find the planet rotated in a counter-clockwise direction. If you went to the south pole and observed from there, you would find the planet rotated in a clockwise direction. It's interesting how the act of observation appears to directly affect polarity.
A hyperboloid can be seen as the centre of a torus. A yo-yo can look a bit like a hyperboloid, right? It's interesting that if you stand in front of a yo-yo that is made to spin in a clockwise direction, and you then step away from the yo-yo, and you walk round to face it from the other side, you will find that the yo-yo is moving in a counter-clockwise direction. The act of observation dictates direction. In the same way, if you were able to see the clock hands move through the back of a transparent clock, they would thus appear to move in a counter-clockwise direction.
We've seen with weather systems how important direction is in dictating the behaviour of a pressure system. In the northern hemisphere, winds are sucked counter-clockwise into a low pressure system; whereas a high pressure system blows winds in a clockwise direction. The direction, it could be said, dictates whether the pressure system sucks or blows.
The winds which so often whip us to work in the morning are horizontal winds. But high and low pressure systems also have vertical air motions, caused by density differences, and this process is known as convection. With a high pressure system, sinking cold air pushes down - so the overall flow is "down and then out". Whereas with a low pressure system, hot air expands, and gets less dense, and rises - so overall flow is "in and then up". I wonder what happens next when we apply this to the workings of our atomic torus?
Okay, we're back with our dipolar vortices. For this example, I've found it easier to make the rotation of the vortex on the right clockwise, and the one on the left counter-clockwise. Let's impose the motion of the fluid around the vortices in the shape of a figure-eight; a high pressure system feeding a low pressure system. This motion describes the horizontal winds so to speak. Horizontally, at the Earth's surface, wind always blows from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure (vertically, winds move from areas of low pressure to areas of high pressure).
The vertical "winds" then shall take place inside the inner tube of the torus. Basically, and I'm making a somewhat uneasy comparison between atoms and weather systems, the energy moves vertically up from the counter-clockwise (low pressure) vortex, passes through the tube of the torus, and descends thus into the clockwise (high pressure) vortex. The picture we've built so far looks something like half a bundt cake, but the motion of those vertical winds could merrily rotate the figure-eight 360 degrees - like helicopter blades.
Does the hyperboloid at the centre of our torus describe an atomic nucleus? What of the spiral nature at the centre of our torus - does it bear any relationship to EMR? With the sinking and rising of air we are dealing with heat systems - and according to this model - it is the electrons which act as the inner tube of our torus, and as such, could be responsible for the generation of "heat".